Jenderal Kancil depicts a rebellious student against the authoritarian teachers at the school. Meanwhile, their village is threatened by a local bandit called Bang Hamid. The first version was made in and used the old style of Indonesian language structure. In this paper, I chose two films in different eras that both have the same title: The films depict a shift in two social institutions: As discussed by van Heeren , the changes in Indonesian politics in fostered greater innovation and freedom with respect to Indonesian cinema. At that point, the heroic act could be miss-acknowledged as rebellious. First, school and family provide rules for their members.

Because of Guntur’s brilliant plan, their mission succeeds in saving Ratu Pelangi from the bandits. Usmar Ismail was also one of the filmmakers recognised as the founding father of Indonesian cinema. The conflict IM At that point, the heroic act could be miss-acknowledged as rebellious. Second, in the school and family a formal relationship is conducted between children and adults. Cornell University, Southeast Asia Program. Knowing Ratu Pelangi has been kidnapped, Guntur and his friends arrange a rescue mission, along with his ex-bandit allies. In Djenderal Kantjil, children heavily depend on family culture, given that regardless of whether they are the hero for their society, the father figure still imposes the central authority — Arman apologizes to his father because of his causing trouble, and accepts the punishment when his troops are disbanded.

Arman is depicted as passive and non-authoritarian.

Both films present children in leading roles but within different social and political contexts. Both films strengthen the idea of heroism in Indonesia as constructed by a military perspective, and formally defined by the state. Furthermore, Vandello, Goldschmied and Thhe in press suggest that the moral transformations of the hero include the possibility that someone who jovie disadvantaged could be a jendraal, or, in their terminology, embody the underdog as hero.

Jenderal Kancil features a student named Guntur who saves a school from bandits. The bandits get caught and are then handed over to security.

The films, in a way, present both child hero journeys as tue with a disobedient act to the patronage jendra, and ending with mutual acceptance on both sides. Goethals, and Roderick M. In Indonesian culture, family and school apply formal rules, procedures and relationships within the system, so that the socialization process is conducted more efficiently in kanxil formal authoritarian environment Shiraishi While the children assume their act is heroic, it could be judged differently by adults.


Shiraishi describes how, in Javanese culture, a family is a system whose father figure is at the top of the hierarchy. However, the teachers have a different opinion. Similarly, the figure of the mother in Djenderal Kantjil is constructed as a medium to underline the supreme power of the father in the family.

The films depict a shift in two social institutions: Remember me on this computer. Guntur takes on the role as the strategist, and illustrates brilliant leadership in striking the bandits, and, as a result, he is acknowledged as the general by his friends and the school magazine. However, both films emphasize the strategic position of the family, and the school as a place to train citizens — a place which also, at some stages, puts children in a difficult situation.

VandelloJoseph A. Framing the New Order. They argue that, during the journey, a hero could experience a reflective failure for a greater good. It should be remembered that all heroes — the idea of hero — are inherent in the structure of stories, so that any analysis of heroes, even popular heroes, concern basic issues of social explanation, not just transient issues of cultural fashion.

The main character in Djenderal Kantjil, Arman, is an ordinary child. Having his groups dismissed by his father, whilst being cherished as hero by society, reflects the idea that the hero resolves social or cultural obstacles to accomplish the journey for the benefit of society, regardless of personal benefit Goethals and Allison Now, he is a grown man and is proposing to the girl of his dreams Raisy, but he gets accused of practicing black magic.

His school mates cheer him as if he were the school celebrity. The definition of a hero in Indonesian society is commonly centred on war, featuring a mature male as a soldier.

Eugenio Cimolin

His last film is Sunya At the same time, he receives news from a hospital that his grandmother is dying even though she is showing no signs of any illnesses. When he returns, Ratu Pelangi, the new idol, grabs most of the attention from the students, including the mvoie in the school magazine.

Harry Dagoe Suharyadi In this film the heroic act is initiated by Guntur, a rebellious student at a primary school. In particular detail, jendeal films represent jenxral idea of civil heroism within a martial sphere, but in slightly different ways. The state defines a hero in the Indonesian Constitution No. Nya Abbas Akup and Usmar Ismail were some of the most prominent Indonesian film directors at the time.


He plans an attack, but in the end, he only wants the bandits to ask forgiveness of the children. Spirit of Reform and Ghost from the Past.

Jenderal kancil: The Movie () – IMDb

Tradition and Modern Practices] by Klaus H Schreiner, argues that the Indonesian concept of heroism mostly developed from folk stories and the traditions of Javanese-Hindu warriors. The father is a government officer who is depicted working every day in an office with his official hat, clothes and suitcase.

Family and the School System Children do not develop their own identity in isolation.

Second, as a complex concept, heroism may include but is not limited to risk or pro-social activities. In Djenderal Kantjil, the general is the person who oversees the army in the field, thus Arman is actively involved in the field with his friends. Children’s Heroism in Indonesian Cinema: Arman and Guntur, at the end of their hero journeys, return to the beginning, but hope for jendrwl greater good.

Second, the civil hero who refers to an untrained person who takes an action that risks their life or health, to help other people.

This toy gun is a focal point in this film. The Paths to Heroism, Villainy and Victimhood. They also describe how the hero’s journey starts by leaving their world for the new world, thus creating jencral better world that benefits broader society. Her appearance attracts attention from most students while Guntur is suspended and forgotten. Although the residents applaud the squad, Arman’s father insists that they disband. Third, in that sense, heroism is distinguished from other pro-social actions.

Moreover, Wright argues that stories reveal the social contexts relevant to the heroic acts.

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They catch Bang Hamid and save the neighbourhood. Because of this, the school journalist writes about Guntur’s brave actions and acknowledges him as a general. His troops come to save him, their general. The school creates a hierarchy of authority in the classroom in which the teacher is the highest authority.

His popularity as a brave student fades in comparison to a new student who is a movie star and singer.